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杭州平湖秋月景点 [复制链接]

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        杭州平湖秋月景点 平湖秋月景区位于白堤西端、孤山南麓、濒临外西湖,景区面积6000多平方米。唐代建有望湖亭,明代又增龙王祠,清康熙年间定名平湖秋月,为西湖十景之一。由御碑亭、平湖秋月亭、四面厅、八角亭、湖天一碧楼等建筑组成,是一处沿湖展开,错落有致,独具一格的园林景观。
  其实,作为西湖十景之一, 南宋时平湖秋月并无固定景址,这从当时以及元,明两朝文人赋咏此景的诗词多从泛归舟夜湖,舟中赏月的角度抒写不难看出,如南宋孙锐诗中有“月冷寒泉凝不流, 棹歌何处泛舟”之句; 明洪瞻祖在诗中写道:“秋舸人登绝浪皱,仙山楼阁镜中尘。”留传千古的明万历年间的西湖十景木刻版画中,《平湖秋月》一图也仍以游客在湖船中举头望月为画面主体。
  平湖秋月景区有其历史渊源,唐朝在此曾建有望湖亭。明万历年间建为龙王祠。清康熙三十八年(1699年)又建为御书楼,并在楼前筑起三面临湖的一座平台,平台向南伸出水面,视线低平,视野广阔,成为临湖赏月的好地方。
  在此赏月,可以领略“万顷湖平长似镜,四时月好最宜秋”的佳景。杭州人中秋赏月有三大去处:一是湖中三岛之一的三潭印月,是在湖中赏月;二是历史上南宋皇城遗址凤凰山坡的月岩景点,是在山上赏月;至于在西湖岸边,首推这月白风清、水天一碧的平湖秋月。
  位于景区偏西处的湖天一碧楼,原是清末民初犹太富商,“冒险家”哈同的私人别墅“罗苑”中的遗物,后来成为中国现代新兴木刻运动的摇篮枣--八艺社所在地。如今,这里辟为西泠书画院,为湖山胜景更添一份书卷气。
  现在的平湖秋月景址,是康熙三十八年以后才确定下来的。康熙品题西湖十景,在白堤西端与孤山结合部竖“平湖秋月”景名碑,始以这一依山傍湖地带为景域所在。
  50年代,将原有360多平方米的景境,扩大到1600平方米,拆除哈同花园围墙,并扩建和改造了八角亭、“湖天一碧”楼和四面厅。在湖石假山间,增植红枫、石榴、丹桂、紫薇等花木,掩映着亭、楼、厅、榭,极富诗情画意。
  西湖秋月之夜,自古公认为良辰美景,充满了诗情画意。高阁凌波,绮窗俯水,平台宽广,视野开阔,秋夜在此纵目高眺远望,但见皓月当空,湖天一碧,金风送爽,水月相溶,不知今夕何夕。前人有诗云:“万顷湖平长似镜,四时月好最宜秋”,其实美景又何止秋季,何止月夜,清骆成骧有撰有一副楹联:“穿牖而来夏日清风冬日日,卷帘相见前山明月后山山”。
  尽管平湖秋月景区范围不是很大,但在人们这里是一处不可多得的景致。早在唐朝,这里就建成望湖亭。南宋时,随着孤山皇家道观四圣延祥观的建造,这里又建望月亭。“望湖”、“望月”,这两“望”为日后平湖秋月定址于此埋下伏笔。
  明万历年间,司礼太监孙隆斥巨资复建西湖旧景时,曾对望湖亭大加修缮。文学家张岱在《西湖寻梦》中记载道:“修葺华丽,增筑露台,可风可月,兼可肆设席,笙歌剧戏,无日无之。今变建龙王堂。”真可谓:念时空之悠悠,喜我辈之相逢;世事忽千载,古今月无恙;秋月不比春风软,春风还羡秋月明。
旅游小助手
门票及开放时间
免费
如何到达
公交:
  乘Y1、Y2、Y9、7/K7路到断桥站下,过了断桥和白堤即到平湖秋月。(Y2是单行线,上行灵隐到火车站方向经过断桥,下行绕行,不经过断桥);乘850路到西泠桥下,步行前往或乘西湖游船到中山公园上岸。可到平湖秋月入口,
公共自行车:
  平湖秋月有公共自行车租车点,车辆储备很多,可以满足节假日的需求。(公共自行车出租方法)
出租车:
  白堤内禁止机动车辆通行,平湖秋月附近很难打车,但有不少黄鱼车拉客,还是建议坐公交车,或者走到北山路后打车。
自驾:
  平湖秋月往西的省博物馆到楼外楼这一段有路边停车场,车位近百,但节假日空车位少。(停车收费详情)
内部交通:
  有西湖观光游览车,招手即停,价格根据线路情况定。(西湖观光游览车详情)
其他:
  平湖秋月是秋天晚上赏月的最佳地点。
  过平湖秋月15分钟的路程可以步行到楼外楼,杭州知名老字号饭店。
  平湖秋月附近没有小卖部,可以步行到浙江省博物馆,门口有三个小卖部,主要卖饮料和特差、旅游纪念品,景区价格。
  平湖秋月附近没有厕所,可以步行到浙江省博物馆,内有一个公共厕所,免费使用。


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